practice debate topic- Discussing the Israeli Palestine conflict with emphasis on a means to peace and reconciliation
Conference topic- the situation in Syria
The Security Council (UNSC) was established in 1945 as one of the six main organs of the United Nations and met for its inaugural session in 1946. UNSC is crucial in maintaining well-oiled peace within the world, and it plays an important role in nulling any circumstances that threaten international security.
UNSC consists of a panel of 15 member states who hold the power to either pass or veto motions. Five out of the fifteen members are permanent (P5), which are namely, the United States, United Kingdom, France, Russia, and China. The remaining 10 members will be chosen by the UNGA (United Nations General Assembly) for a 2-year term considering factors such as contribution to international peace and regional balance (Article 23 UN charter). Each member permanent or otherwise will hold the presidency of the council for one month.
Furthermore, in instances where the topic of discussion includes a nation that is not a member of the UNSC, the said nation will be granted participation rights, but will not be eligible to vote. Moreover, if any state is to dispute with a decision, they will be allowed to participate under the consideration of the UNSC. In such events, the council will set the rules for the non-member state. (Article 31,32 UN charter)
In terms of voting procedure, all decisions on procedural matters will be made with 9 out of fifteen votes. Decisions on any other matters will be passed with 9 votes including the p5 nations. If all members of the p5 nations do not grant their vote or if any of the p5 use their veto, the decision will not be passed. (Article 27 UN charter)
The UNSC holds many responsibilities that contribute to the sustenance of international security. This includes,
o Investigating any situations, threats that may lead to friction between nations and suggesting diplomatic ways of overcoming them.
o Deploying peacekeepers and invoking a cease-fire in situations of conflict.
o Establishing mechanisms for regulating artillery.
o Applying economic sanctions to avoid threats to world peace.
o Taking military action against conflict initiators.
o Establishing subsidiary organs if necessary. (Article 29)
Even at SLMUN, the role of the UNSC remains no different to the major role it plays in the UN. Therefore, it is one of the most sought after and challenging committees, and it is a privilege to receive the opportunity to be one of the fifteen delegates of the UNSC. In contrast to other committees implemented, UNSC is generally approached by more experienced delegates as the level of debate and discussion in this council is extremely competitive and demanding. UNSC stimulates more experienced delegates and encourages them in achieving new heights in terms of diplomacy and intelligence and furthering their knowledge on a wider scope of global matters while simultaneously experiencing immense growth as speakers.
AT SLMUN 2020 UNSC will be discussing and debating the situation in Syria and the debate will undoubtedly be enthralling and delegates will get to witness UNSC and its role in the UN, at its finest.