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United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
Established in 2006 by resolution A/RES/60/251, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) is a subsidiary organ of the United Nations. Responsible for the strengthening and protection of human rights across the globe, the UNHRC looks into a number of important rights, such as the freedom of association and assembly, freedom of expression, freedom of belief and religion, women rights, LGBT rights as well as the rights of racial and ethnic minorities. In addition, the council also receives thematic and country specific reports through special procedures and from the office of the High Commissioner of Human Rights.
From introducing the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948, a range of distinguished international documents, including the International Covenant on Civil and Political rights, the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, as well as the International Bill of Human Rights, recognizes the importance of upholding the principals of the UNHRC. With a total number of 47 members, out of which includes 13 African, 13 Asian, 6 East European, 8 Latin American and the Caribbean, as well as 7 Western European and Other Group (WEOG) countries, each nation holds their respective seat for a term of 3 years and may go on to occupy their seat for a maximum of 2 consecutive years.
While the UNHRC holds its annual session each year during the months of March, June and September, at a time of an emergency, on the request of 1/3 of member states, the council can decide to hold a special session at any time.