practice debate topic- International regulations for the safe disposal of nuclear waste.
Conference topic- The question of Nuclear non-proliferation and the future of the NPT
The International Atomic Energy Agency
The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is a specialised international organisation that functions independently from the UN, thereby making it an autonomous organisation. However, it still reports back to the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) and the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) and unlike other specialised agencies, it does not work with the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC). It exists to regulate and promote the safe, secure and peaceful uses of nuclear science and technology. Also known as the “nuclear bank of the UN”, IAEA, with its 171 Member States, takes control of fissile material in addition to nuclear weapons and nuclear energy.
When the President of USA, in his ‘Atoms for Peace’ address to the UNGA in 1953, proposed the creation of a body to promote the peaceful uses of atomic energy, IAEA was officially established as an agency with the U.S. Ratification by President Eisenhower on the 29th July 1957, and after its Statute was approved at the Conference held at the UN Headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland on the 23rd October 1956.
The IAEA, serves as an inter-governmental forum, where, according to Article II of its Statute, its programs aims to fulfil 3 missions: promotion of peaceful uses of nuclear energy by Member States through national or regional projects, where it includes research on the applications of atomic energy to sectors such as medicine and agriculture according to Article III; implementation of safeguards, further authorised by Article III.A.5, to ensure that their materials or services do not further any military purpose; the prioritisation of nuclear safety along with technical cooperation and the prevention of nuclear weapons proliferation. The agency, in line with its ‘Atoms for Peace and Development’ mandate, also supports countries in their efforts to reach the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) set out in the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development which was adopted in 2015, and the use of nuclear sciences and technology which became a factor in these development objectives in areas including human health; food production; water management, contributed to 9 of the 17 SDGs directly.
Here at SLMUN, 32 nations are expected to come together to debate on issues within their mandate and give rise to feasible solutions that will decide the future of nuclear energy, which will also promote the aim of IAEA.