practice debate topic- Discussing the implications of the European refugee crisis with special emphasis on the Turkey-Greece border
Conference topic- Devising stratergies to alleviate the burdens of refugees on their life-threatening journeys to safety and the burden on countries that chose to accept them.
What is the UNHCR? The United Nations High Commission for Refugees, This particular UN agency contains a mandate which focuses on protecting refugees, forcibly displaced communities and stateless people, and assisting in their voluntary repatriation, local integration or resettlement to a third country. This United Nations agency was founded on December 14 1950; the headquarters of this organization is in Geneva, Switzerland. The Organization was formed during the 1950 during the aftermath of the Second World War, to help the millions of Europeans who fled from their homes or lost them during the world war. Since then they have strived hard together as an organization to work outwards the people.
Their primary purpose would be to ensure that all people who have been forced to flee have a safe and secure life. They help millions restart lives by healing their broken lives and building them brighter futures. They also focus themselves on four key humanitarian goals that is to;
o Gain and maintain access and proximity to affected populations, including persons of concern to UNHCR;
o Mitigate risks to affected populations, staff, partners and assets;
o Promote the rights and dignity of affected populations;
o Establish a principled engagement with authorities and also, where appropriate, with non-State parties to a conflict.
The 1951 Refugee Convention is the basis of their work; it comprises the definition of the term ‘refugee’ and outlines their rights and the legal obligations that they are placed under by States. And the Convention is currently ratified by 145 countries. The core principle stated in the Convention is non- refoulement, which stresses on the fact that a refugee should not return to their own country, where they face threats to their life and their freedom.
As of now the UNHCR acts as the ‘guardian’ of the 1951 convention and the 1967 protocol , where it states that the countries have to cooperate with the UNHCR , where as of now the rights of the refugees are respected and protected . For over half a century the organization has strived to help millions to restart their lives, who do they help? Asylum Seekers ( An individual seeking international protection ) , internally displaced people ( people who seek safety in other countries) , refugees ( people fleeing conflict ) , stateless people ( people who don’t have a nationality ) and returnees ( people who finally return to home ) . What do they do to help? Their main goal is to find solutions to allow refugees to rebuild their lives and help them live in peace and dignity.
However on December 17th 2018, the Global Compact on Refugees was formed. It is a framework for more predictable and equitable responsibility-sharing, recognizing that a sustainable solution to refugee situations cannot be achieved without international cooperation. It has four main objectives; ease the pressure on host cities, enhance refugee self –reliance, expand access to this country’s solutions and support conditions of country of origin for return in safety and dignity.
This year’s topic is devising strategies to alleviate the burdens of refugees on their life threatening journeys to safety and the burden on countries that choose to accept them. This year at SLMUN 2020 we are looking for delegates who will strive to ensure that everyone has the right to seek asylum and find refuge in another State, with the option to eventually return home, integrate or resettle. Likewise our main objective is to provide safety for the refugees. We would hope to see delegates who have a passion and will strive to bring up myriad and lasting solutions.